A Turning Point In Human History: Gobeklitepe

A Turning Point In Human History: Gobeklitepe

A Turning Point In Human History: Gobeklitepe

We are about to set sail on an adventure that will take us back to the beginning of time! The world’s oldest temple, Gobeklitepe, is waiting to be discovered, along with its history, its story, and all of the mystery that surrounds it. Are you prepared to be astounded by the information that will be presented about Gobeklitepe, an event that altered the course of human history? The purpose of building Gobeklitepe, which has not been completely explained to this day, makes it one of the rare buildings with significant value in the annals of human history. It was constructed 7,500 years before the Egyptian Pyramids in Giza (2551 BC), which are considered one of the seven wonders of the world. Gobekli Tepe, which is located in Turkey, has a history that dates back 12,000 years. Stonehenge is located in England. A survey that was carried out in 1963 in conjunction with the Universities of Istanbul and Chicago led to the discovery of the “V52 Neolithic Settlement.”

Gobeklitepe was added to the UNESCO World Cultural Heritage list in 2018, and the Ministry of Culture has designated 2019 as the “Year of Gobeklitepe.” There are approximately 20 round and oval structures with a diameter of 30 meters, and in the middle of these structures are two “T”-shaped columns made of limestone that are independent and stand five meters tall. There are also smaller columns lining the interior walls of the buildings. The scientific information about Gobeklitepe shows that the archeology of the Neolithic period needs to be looked at again. 

When Did It Become Official That Gobeklitepe Existed?

While the survey was conducted in 1963, it wasn’t until 1994 that German archaeologist Klaus Schmidt made the official discovery of Gobeklitepe. The farmer Mahmut Kilinc, who owned land in the area before the construction began in 1994, discovered a stone while plowing his land in 1983 and donated it to the Sanliurfa Museum. However, progress was slowed because museum officials did not appreciate this stone for its historical significance.

The significance of Gobeklitepe was finally realized during the 1994 study, almost 11 years after its discovery. According to measurements, it has a total height of 15 meters and a diameter of 300 meters. More than 200 columns span 20 distinct radii. These columns are 6 meters tall and weigh around 10 tons apiece.

Where is Gobeklitepe?

Gobeklitepe is located close to Orencik Village, approximately 18 kilometers northeast of the center of Sanliurfa. It is generally accepted that 12,000 years in the past, it functioned as a cult center of some kind.

The Story Of Gobeklitepe And The Significance Of It

Before it was formally discovered, the land around Gobeklitepe was farmed by residents. The farmers in the region have been moving stones around, which has resulted in some changes to the topography of the area. In addition, there is evidence that a few stones were fractured as a result of this procedure. The significance of Gobeklitepe stems primarily from the hunter-gatherer culture that existed during the Stone Age.  With a history stretching back 12,000 years, Gobeklitepe is still active today. Current theories about why Gobeklitepe was constructed may need to be revised as new information becomes available. Even though Gobeklitepe is 8,000 years older than the pyramids and 7,000 years older than Stonehenge, there is no concrete evidence that it served as a residential area. 

This is supported by the fact that no evidence of human habitation, such as ceramics, utensils, garbage dumps, or tools, has been uncovered. An intriguing viewpoint, shared by the locals, exists regarding Gobeklitepe. It has become a tradition for childless women, says Mahmut Kilinc, to visit this hill and offer prayers. This custom was already in place before the discovery of Gobeklitepe. A woman giving birth is depicted in relief on one of the columns at Gobeklitepe.

So far, only 6 of the site’s structures have been uncovered, but the site contains a total of 20 structures and 200 additional obelisks. In contrast to the Neolithic Age people who are known, Gobeklitepe, which deeply shook up all of the information, is gaining importance day by day because it uses an advanced architectural technique. On these columns and obelisks, there are also reliefs of animals such as leopards, wild boars, scorpions, storks, foxes, gazelles, and snakes. These carvings came to be recognized as the earliest examples of 3D reliefs ever discovered.

Additionally, the Gobeklitepe structure is most well-known for having columns in the shape of a T. These columns do not contain any faces or facial expressions at all. Some theories suggest that if this is a place of worship, the T-shaped columns represent the “god” figure. This is because there are carvings of hands and fingers on the columns. Because the facial features on these pillars were not carved, but the hand and finger were, it’s possible that they were given a meaning related to the heavens.

Some people think it’s a temple, others think it’s a shelter, but there’s no hard evidence either way. The most widely held view is that Gobeklitepe is a sacred site used for religious ceremonies. If these claims are verified, Gobeklitepe would be the oldest temple in human history.