Ankara, Turkey’s Capital City: A Brief History

Ankara, Turkey’s Capital City: A Brief History

Ankara, Turkey’s Capital City: A Brief History

Different civilizations have ruled over Ankara’s land since the city was first settled, and the city itself has been inhabited continuously since prehistoric times. The cultural values of communal life in the region, dating back to the Paleolithic period and continuing through the Neolithic and Copper Ages, have been accepted based on archaeological findings made in and around the area covered by the present city of Ankara. As a result, the city’s established order has deep historical roots; however, despite abundant archaeological evidence, no one knows for sure who founded the city or when.

According to popular belief, the Hittites captured Ankara and its environs and eventually made the area their home. Bitik, located near the Murted plain, has been identified as the site of a Hittite settlement, with artifacts from the early Hittite period having been uncovered there. An additional hint of the Hittite era can be seen in the ruins of Gavurkale, located 60 kilometers southwest of Ankara. It was the Phrygians who came into power after the Hittites. Some believe that the city’s first major settlement occurred during the Phrygian era. The city of Ankara is traditionally attributed to King Midas of the Phrygians in historical and folkloric accounts. The Phrygians have a word for the area that means “ship anchor” (Ankyra). Yassihoyuk Village, which is now part of the Polatli neighborhood, was the site of Gordion, the Phrygian capital.

The Lydians took control of Ankara and the surrounding area after the Phrygians abandoned it. The Persians came to power after the Lydians. While our data on Ankyra during the Lydian and Persian periods is scant, it is clear that the city was a major hub during this time. During the reign of Persian King Darius I, the “King’s Road” was constructed, making Ankara a major commercial and military hub. After the Persian Empire fell, the Macedonians rose to power as a result of Alexander the Great’s military exploits in the East. Alexander is said to have originated in the city of Gordion and spent some time as a resident there, at least according to the sources. B.C. Third, local populations increased with the arrival of Galicians in the 1600s. After conquering Galatia, the Tektosags make Ankyra their capital. After Galatia was conquered by the Romans in 25 B.C., Emperor Augustus made the city of Ankyra the provincial capital. Thus, the area is transformed into a strategic military stronghold. The city stayed within Eastern Roman Empire territory after the empire split in two. During the Byzantine era, Ankara remained an important military and logistical center. There were many attempts to establish dominance over Ankara during the Byzantine period, but the city ultimately remained under Byzantine control until the year 1073.

The Turks began migrating to Anatolia en masse after Alparslan, a Seljuk ruler, won the Battle of Manzikert in 1071. In 1073, just two years after their Manzikert Victory, the Seljuks overran and captured the city of Ankara. After the Battle of Manzikert, the city repeatedly saw the Seljuks, Danishmends, and Byzantines fight for control. During the reign of Sultan Alaeddin Keykubat, the Seljuks were at their peak, and the city underwent extensive rebuilding. Following the Mongol conquest of Anatolia in the early 14th century, the Ilkhanate established its rule over the city. Until it fell to the Ottomans, the city was run by a local Ahis government. Finally, Ankara, which was a part of the Ottoman Empire, maintained its role as a border city throughout this time. Ankara, also known as Engürü or Angora during the Islamic era, was besieged by Timur in 1402 and the bulk Plain was the site of the subsequent Ankara War. After Timur left Anatolia, the city of Ankara once again fell under Ottoman rule when Mehmet Celebi declared his sultanate at the end of the Interregnum.

Istanbul was seen as too dangerous a location for the capital of the Ottoman Empire, which had lost much of its power in the Balkan War and the First World War, and the question of relocating the capital to another city in Anatolia emerged. Mustafa Kemal Pasha and the Defense Committee Representative arrived in Ankara on December 27th, 1919, to deliver a communique informing all of the deputies that the meeting would be held in Ankara. On April 23, 1920, the Turkish Grand National Assembly was established, and the capital city of Ankara was designated as the seat of government and the administrative hub for the Turkish War of Independence. As of the law’s passage on October 13, 1923, Ankara was designated as the new capital of the Turkish Republic. As a result, the city was able to grow to its current state of sophistication.

Rapid reconstruction efforts were launched after the Republic was proclaimed on October 29, 1923, in Ankara, the city that personified the National Struggle. With the beginning of reconstruction works, this beautiful and ancient city, which has a deep historical background and a rich cultural heritage and has hosted many civilizations, took its first steps toward further development as a city.

The Benefits Of Living In Ankara For Foreigners

The affordable prices of homes in Ankara are the primary factor that attracts buyers from other countries to the city. Having a passport with a good reputation is yet another significant benefit of having Turkish nationality.

Ankara has a low cost of living compared to other cities. The low cost of Turkish real estate should give you some idea of how affordable the local standard of living is. Everything is available at a very reasonable price in this location, from food and medicine to services, taxes, and bills, as well as any other goods.

Turkey possesses a relatively developed medical industry for its size. This facility offers renowned surgical procedures across the board of medical specialties. Therefore, investing in Turkish real estate in Ankara will not only guarantee financial security, but also high quality of life.

Last but not least, another enjoyable aspect of Turkey is its climate. In this location, you will have the opportunity to experience three distinct types of climate changes: the rainy season, mild and the atmosphere of the coast.