What Does An Archaeological Si̇te Mean And Where Are The Archaeological Sites In Turkey?

What Does An Archaeological Si̇te Mean And Where Are The Archaeological Sites In Turkey?

What Does An Archaeological Si̇te Mean And Where Are The Archaeological Sites In Turkey?

The term “archaeological site” is used to describe any location of interest to archaeologists because it contains artifacts or other evidence from ancient times. Furthermore, the archaeologist’s theoretical framework and the period under investigation can impact how the term “site” is used. In most cases, an archaeologist will need to define the activity boundary for a settlement to determine the precise limits of a site.  Historically, archaeological sites have been categorized according to the types of artifacts and other features found there. Numerous works include abandoned homes. Archaeological sites also frequently contain biological elements like bone fragments and excrement. On the other hand, rock outcrops make for a fantastic workspace typical of the Paleolithic and Mesolithic periods.

Even while most archaeological sites are the consequence of human activity, others are generated by chance. Subterranean cultural artifacts have a better chance of survival than their aboveground counterparts because they are less vulnerable to destruction. The remains can be buried quickly in areas with tropical woods and thick foliage. Humans’ deliberate or accidental neglect also contributes to the places’ oblivion. Urban archeology is interested in this kind of new community that springs up among the rubble.

Turkey possesses various Mesopotamian and mainly Greek archaeological sites. The following are some archaeological sites worth going to and seeing:

9 Extraordinary Archaeological Artifacts In Turkey

  • Sanliurfa Archaeology Museum’s T-Formed Stones from Gobeklitepe

Listed on the UNESCO World Heritage List in 2018, Gobeklitepe is the first and oldest structure of its kind and, in many ways, represents the beginning of time itself. The world over was amazed that temples requiring such complex architecture could be built at a time when man was still mostly a hunter-gatherer. The obelisks and animist figurines that adorned the temples at Gobeklitepe have made it one of the most significant archaeological finds in the world.

  • Izmir’s Celsus Library

The Celsus Library, one of Ephesus’ most impressive structures and a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 2015, was constructed in 117 AD as a mausoleum by Consul Gaius Julius Aquila on behalf of his father, Asian Governor General Celcus Polamaeanus. The structure is recognized as both a memorial and a library.

  • Temple of Aphrodite- Aydin

The Temple of Aphrodite is the most significant building in the Aphrodisias Ruins, which are one of the most significant archaeological sites in Turkey and were added to UNESCO. World Heritage List in 2017. The temple’s initial structure was completed during the Archaic era.

  • Antonine Fountain- Burdur

The most unique building in Sagalassos is the Antonine Fountain, which was tentatively included in the UNESCO World Heritage List in 2009. The fountain was constructed in the north of the Upper Agora between 160 and 180 AD, under the rule of Marcus Aurelius, one of the Roman Emperors, the amazing fountain was made out of seven different colored stones.

  • Great Artemis Statue- Izmir

According to Greek mythology, Artemis is Apollo’s sister and the child of Zeus and Leto. Diana is her name in Roman mythology. She is the moon, the forest, and the god of hunting. The fertility symbolized by the Great Artemis Statue has long been associated with Cybele, the mother goddess of ancient Anatolia. The enormous statue discovered in Ephesus’ Prytaneum bears all the characteristics of Artemis of Ephesus.

  • Mosaic of Orpheus-Sanliurfa

The earliest known mosaic at Edessa (Urfa) dates to the Osrhoene kingdom period (194 AD), a tributary kingdom of the Roman Empire, and shows the mythological character Orpheus. Orpheus, the poet playing the lyre in the mosaic, is surrounded by other animals who are gathered around him and are shown taking in the melody.

  • Alexander Sarcophagus-Istanbul

With its descriptions and historical account, the Alexander Sarcophagus is unique. Abdalonymus, who was installed on the throne by Alexander following the Battle of Issos, is considered to have created the piece, which dates to the latter decades of the 4th century BC. The image of Alexander the Great on the relief of the work gives the sarcophagus its name. The iconic sarcophagus has a significant place in Turkish museum history.

  • Mosaic Of Gypsy Girl-Gaziantep

The Maenad sometimes referred to as the Gypsy Girl Mosaic and dating to the second century AD, is the most priceless piece of art in the Zeugma Museum.

  • Zeus Temple-Kutahya

The building of the Temple of Zeus in the Ancient City of Aizanoi began under the rule of Emperor Domitianus in the first century AD and was finished under the rule of Emperor Hadrian in the second century AD. One of the best surviving Zeus Temples in the world, the temple was situated on a hill and was considered the most significant religious building in the city.

Enter the past, feel the weight of time, and get ready to stumble upon rare treasures. Enter a one-of-a-kind experience that will transport you to a bygone era. 9 beautiful archaeological sites are waiting, left by the ancient civilizations that inhabited these areas.